Welcome to www.chumlung.org.np, the website of Kirat Yakthung Chumlung. In the website one can find chapters such as Introduction, Activities, Programs, Awards, Specialised body, KYC overseas, Document Rules, Membership, Committees, Notice board. The Introduction chapter written in english language includes brief introduction, preamble and objectives of the organisation. It also includes funds and awards managed by the organisation, main programs that were conducted previous years and the specialised bodies of Kirat Yakthung Chumlung.
Kirat Yakthung Chumlung (KYC) is non-partisan and non-profit making Limbu indigenous peoples’ organization established in 1989. KYC is a common and representative organization of Limbu indigenous peoples of Nepal. It was duly registered with the government in 1990 and affiliated with the Social Welfare Council in 1994. Since its inception, it is dedicated to the promotion and preservation of Limbu language and culture; the upliftment of socio-economic and educational condition of Limbus; the consolidation communal harmony among various communities; and the protection and promotion of human rights and indigenous peoples rights. KYC activities are mainly concentrated in nine districts of Eastern part of Nepal historically known and currently proclaimed as autonomous territory Limbuwan and in Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts. Besides working for Limbu community, KYC has been coordinating even with other indigenous peoples’ organizations of Nepal to protect and promote Indigenous peoples rights since its establishment. It is one of the founder organizations of Nepal indigenous peoples national network, Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) established in 1990. It has been actively participating in the work of NEFIN for ensuring the rights of indigenous peoples in Nepal.
Kirat Yakthung Chumlung preamble states that conducting exploratory studies in the field of language, script, literature, religion, culture and history of the Limbu people, one of the ancient Kirat dynasties of Nepal, a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-cultural and multi-religious country. To work in the field of environment, health, education, environment, development and construction And to promote linguistic, socio-economic, cultural and political rights in order to contribute to the building of national unity and national culture by embracing the Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and promoting good relations and harmony with other castes and communities of the country. With the objective of establishing a non-profit making indigeneous limbu peoples organization, the constitution of this Kirat Yakthung Chumlung 2046 (incorporated with the ninth amendment) has been implemented.
1. To undertake various activities for uplift of Limbus, their language including Kirat-Sirijonga script, literature, religion and culture.
2. To conduct research on subjects related to Limbus and promote awareness among them.
3. To organize various activities of economic development in Limbuwan to improve the living standard of local people.
4. To make the Limbus, as well as other ethnic groups of Limbuwan, aware of the constitution of Nepal, their constitutional rights and the prevalent laws of Nepal.
5. To conduct effective programs to curb the destruction of the environments and ecosystem.
6. To undertake activities for the achievement of Limbuwan autonomy under the federal system to ensure country national integrity and sovereignty as well as sustainable development by promoting communal harmony among different ethnic groups and communities.
7. To conduct awareness programs against drug abuse and provide treatment and rehabilitation facilities for drug addicts.
8. To plan and carry out appropriate programs in order to wipe out superstition and ignorance of people about health problems in rural areas. Also, to encourage them to make best use of available and possible means and measures in the field of (for) the primary health care.
9. To increase mass awareness among the people to stay away from AIDS and other fatal diseases. Also, to make them aware of safety measures and precautions against such diseases.
10. To work for human rights, indigenous rights and women rights and child rights.
11. To carry out campaign to improve educational status of Limbus.
12. To work in the field of traditional institutions, customary law, autonomy, self-governance as per the constitution of Nepal.
13. To act as a public social non-profit organization.
Award and Funds under management of Kirat Yakthung Chumlung
1.Kirat-Sirijonga Award established to commemorate the death penalty against Sirijonga for the cause of promotion of Limbu language and script. The scholars are eligible for this award who contributes to the promotion of Limbu literature and research studies on Limbu history, religion and culture.The trust fund for this award was founded in 1995 by starting seven persons Mr. AB Wanem, Mr. RN Limbu, Mr. DB Isbo, Mr. JB Thaklung, Mr. DJ Abheng, Mr. DB Okhrabu, Mr. JB Thaklung and next Maj. Deoman Bokhim and Mr. Raj Bahadur Pangdhak. The fixed amount till date is Rs.1,83,000. The award is provided with Rs.25,000 in every two years on the memorial day of Sirijonga singh Thebe.
2. Imansingh Chemjong Award established to commemorate historian Imansingh Chemjong. The scholars are eligible for this award who contributes to the promotion of Kirat community, ancient history, language and kirat sirijonga script publications. The award fund was founded by starting Mr DJ Abheng, next Manjul Yakthumba, Maj. BS Jabegu, again jointly by BS Jabegu and YM Yakthumba, and lastly chemjong family Mrs Sashi Chemjong. The fixed amount till date is Rs 255,550. The award is provided with Rs.25,000 in every two years on the memorial day of late IS Chemjong (January 1).
3. Udaya Art Award founded to inspire the artists to contribute to Limbu song, music and art. The trust fund for this award was founded by Mr. Udaya Laoti in 1996 with the amount of Rs.50,000. The award is provided with Rs.10,000 in every two years on the memorial day of late IS Chemjong (January 1).
4. Ratnashova-Shubhalxmi Mundum Award established for the study on Limbu holy scripture "Mundhum" and the scholars who publish research based books on Mundhum are eligible for this award. The trust fund for this award was founded by Mr. Manjul Yakthumba and his family members in 2010 with the amount of Rs.5,00,000. The award is provided with Rs.100,000 in every two years on the establishment day of KYC (September 2).
5.Samkelo-Kefungwa Chumlung Music Award. The singer and musicians are eligible for this award who contributes to the promotion of Limbu ethno-music and songs. The trust fund for this award was founded with the amount of Rs.3,35,000 in 2010 from the membership fees collection. The award is provided with the interest yielded by the fund in every two years on the day of any important ceremony.
6.Late Yubaraj Journalism Prize. Limbu journalists are eligible for this prize who contributes to the promotion of Limbu activity related journalism. The trust fund for this prize was founded in 2014 from individuals who contributed voluntarily. The fixed amount till date is Rs.67,000. The award is provided with Rs.10,000 in every two years on the day of any important ceremony.
7. Late DB Angbung memorial Trust Fund. The poor and intelligent Limbu-students at higher secondary level are eligible for this scholarship. The trust fund for scholarship was founded in 2015 from six persons (The eldest daughter Mrs Laxmi Limbu and her husband Mr.RB Rai including other 2 daughters and their husbands). The fixed amount till date is Rs.3,55,000. The scholarship is given on the basis of the interest yielded - nearly 10 thousand rupess per student - by the fund every year on the establishment day of KYC (September 2).
8. Mrs. Khemmaya Sigak-Angbung Memorial Trust Fund. The poor and intelligent Limbu-students at higher secondary level are eligible for this scholarship. The trust fund for scholarship was founded in 2015 from six persons (The eldest daughter Mrs Laxmi Limbu and her husband Mr.RB Rai including other 2 daughters and their husbands). The fixed amount till date is Rs.3,55,000. The scholarship is given on the basis of the interest yielded - nearly 10 thousand rupess per student - by the fund every year on the establishment day of KYC (September 2).
9. Mrs. DurgaDevi and Mrs. Sumitra Angdembe Memorial Trust Fund. The poor and intelligent Limbu-Female students of Singha Bahini Higher Secondary School at MyangLung Terhathum are eligible for this scholarship. The trust fund for scholarship was founded with the amount of Rs.2,00,000 in 2016 by Mr. Mahendra Kumar Bantawa . The scholarship is goven on the basis of the interest yielded by the fund every year on the Education day.
10. Falgunanda Linden Social Reform Trust Fund- established to commemorate the social reformer, Late Falgunanda Lingden, the nation hero. Any individuals or institutions are eligible for this award, who contributes to social reform and welfare for Limbu community or in Limbuwan, The trust fund for this prize was founded in 2016. The fixed amount till date is Rs 1,84,000 from individuals who contributed voluntarily. The award is provided with Rs.10,000 in every two years on the memorial day of late Falgunanda (November 10).
11. KYC Israel Welfare Trust Fund. The purpose of this fund is to provide scholarships to the Limbu students who are intelligent but they are destitute, poor or disables. The trust fund for such a welfare was founded in 2017 from founder members of KYC-Israel. The fixed amount till date is Rs 26,20,888. The scholarships are given on the basis of the interest yielded-Rs 8 to 10 thousand rupees per student-by the fund every year on the day of any important ceremony.
12. Access to Government Mechanism Trust Fund. The purpose of this fund is to provide scholarships to the Limbu youths for preparatory training to compete Public Service Commission for Government. The trust fund for such a welfare was founded with the amount of Rs 2,00,000 in 2017. The Amount was granted by Lalitpur Chapter of KYC. The scholarship is given from the interest yielded by the fund every year on the day of any important ceremony every year on the day of any important ceremony.
13. Bishnudutta-Saraswati Angbuhang Academic Fund. The Bishnudutta-Saraswati Angbuhang Scholarship Award is established in 2017 for encouraging and honoring individuals, groups or organizations who have played an important role in publishing works based on in-depth research on language, culture, history, indigenous knowledge, skills and political, social, economic and educational issues of Limbu and Limbuwan region. The award fund is being operated by the Limbuwan Study Center. In order to manage the fund and to provide financial support to the individuals and groups dedicated to study and research, Rs 30,00,000 (thirty lakh rupees) amount has been recieved to Limbuwan Study Centre from Mr Bishnudatta Angbuhang and Mrs Saraswati Angbuhang. Yearly Rs 100,000 (one lakh rupees) academic award is awarded to the scholars from the interest yield by the fixed amount of the fund.
Some important programs conducted by Kirat Yakthung Chumlung
Non formal education
At the begining two text-books called Tarang part I and part II were prepared and printed for the non formal education in limbu language with the help of Canadian Cooperation Office, Kathmandu, Nepal. In another episode Chotlung part I and part II have been produced with the help of Word Education, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Curriculum development and Limbu language course book “Anipan” produced in co- operation with Curriculum Development Centre, Sanothimi, Nepal. Books for class 1 to 5 have been printed and educated in different schools of east Nepal.
Saving and credit program
Kirat Yakthug chumlung has initiated the concept of saving and credit program to develop economic condition of the rural people as a program among ten listed goals to maintain the life standard of the people in rural areas. Our fundamental measures are yet to be discussed and implemented. Kirat Yakthung Chumlung has commenced the saving and credit program since five days program of Kartik, 2055. Kirat Yakthum Chumlung saving and credit act 2055 has been implemented for the provision of door to door capital management for collective saving from their own income/resources in order to invest in income generating programs.
Limbu Language Promotion Project LLPP
Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multilingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural country. There are 59 indigenous peoples in Nepal. Of them, Limbu indigenous peoples are the one who have their own distinct language having a long written tradition. Despite the long written tradition of the Limbu language, it has been confronting problems in using it mainly in education, communication and official work. It would be relevant to discuss each of them in brief. Some basic works has been done in the field of education and communication but nothing has been worked with the use of Limbu language in official work. There is lack of basic requirements to be used for using of Limbu language in official work. The government office staffs are still reluctant and hesitate towards internalizing the use of mother tongue in office. There is lack of Limbu language speaker staffs. All public notice of government offices are broadcasted and published in Nepali language which has never provided clear message to the Limbu language speakers. Even Limbu language speakers are not aware that their language can be used in office in addition to Nepali Language as official language because they have not allowed doing so for years. The proposed project will address all these problems to introduce Limbu language in local government offices as an official language. Objectives of the project: 1. to provide support to Limbu language speakers in their work in government offices 2. to create conducive environment in government offices to use Limbu language 3. to make aware Limbu language speakers on linguistic rights prevalent in the constitution, laws and international instruments.
Means: Limited financial resources, in terms of needs, will be mobilized for the implementation of the project. The native approach will be incorporated looking at the need and learning attitude of the Limbus. Limbu teachers in schools, media persons and individuals involved in different professions who have been devoting themselves for the promotion of Limbu language will be the part of the project’s activities. Keeping this very situation in mind, the project will make conducive environment for their convenience as well as incorporate native way of learning and teaching which must be deep rooted to the Limbu culture. So, Being Limbus as indigenous peoples has firm belief that the teaching and learning will be effective if incorporated with the way of learning approach that is latent in their culture. So, native learning process, geometrical growth process, skill standardization and lobbying/advocacy will be adopted as means of the Limbu Language promotion project.
Key Activities: 1 Developing a manual with format for the use of Limbu language in official work, 2 Organizing training workshop on Limbu language and script 3 Formation of Limbu Language Standardization Committee 4 Holding interaction program with local government, line agencies and other stakeholders 5 Lobbying for keeping signboard and notice board in Limbu language and script to local government, line agency and other stakeholders in their offices. 6 Developing IEC Material 7 Organizing constructive program related to culture and literature 8 Organizing learning sharing workshop among Limbu Language Promoters 9 Conducting FM radio programs in community radios
Democracy and Inclusion Project DIP
An alliance of four Indigenous Peoples Organizations and one Dalit organization has been formed to contribute to ensuring active participation of historically marginalized communities in the making of the new constitution of Nepal. The members of the alliance are: Kirat Yakthung Chumlung, Athpahria Kirat Rai Samaj, Walung Uththan Samaj, Tokpegola Social Welfare Committee, and Downtrodden Awareness Society. Supported by the Support for Participatory Constitution Building in Nepal (SPCBN) program of UNDP the alliance conducts Democracy and Inclusion Project (DIP) in nine districts of Koshi and Mechi zone. The project districts are Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Dhankutta, Terhthum and Sankhuwasabha. Objectives of the project: 1. Impart and increase knowledge of target communities on constituent assembly, its thematic committees, and the process of constitution making. 2. Identify the burning issues of marginalized communities. 3. Prepare and submit recommendations to incorporate in the new constitution. Activities: 1. Community Campaigners hold community meetings to discuss issues of marginalized people and make recommendations and suggestions to CA and CA members. 2. Community radio program airs news and views on historically marginalized people and their concerns and aspirations. 3. Interaction programs are held to exchange and share information, thoughts and opinions and to create pressure upon political leaders and CA members. 4. District Program Support Committee (DPSC) conducts meetings in districts on regular basis to provide support to project activities.
Promotion of Indigenous Peoples Rights in constitution making process PIPR
Promotion of Indigenous Peoples Rights in constitution making process was another important project completed by Kirat Yakthung Chumlung Nepal in assistance from International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) specialized agency of the UN Indigenous Peoples Assistance Facility (IPAF). Project Result: As a result of the project, Limbu indigenous peoples have developed their knowledge on autonomy while making the common understanding of Limbuwan autonomy. All section of societies Limbu indigenous peoples, non Limbus, political parties, constituent assembly members will be involved in the project activities which lead to strengthen the communal harmony in Limbuwan region. This also increases the mutual respect of each others culture and identity. Moreove, Limbu indigenous peoples will achieve their outstanding demands for establishing Limbuwan autonomy and other indigenous peoples rights through a new constitution. In the autonomy, they will have the rights: to use their language as an official language, to access and control over the land and resources and to preserve and promote their culture and identity. More importantly, they will have the meaningful participation in each and every decision making level in state autonomous government and central government.
Specialised Bodies of Kirat Yakthung Chumlung
1. Punarjiwan Kendra KYCPJK
KYC Punarjiwan Kendra is an autonomous non profit, non political and non religious organization that operates under KYC. Its vision is to create a society where people have the rights and access to a healthy and dignified life. In order to achieve its aim, it works with People Living with HIV and AIDS PLWHAs and Injecting or non Injecting Drug Users I DUs by advocating for their rights and providing treatment care and support related to drugs and HIV and AIDS. Furthermore we prevent drug use and spreading of HIV by educating the community, in which it has mainly focused on youths and adolescents.
KYC Punarjiwan Kendra has been focusing its activities and programs on drug abuse and HIV and AIDS prevention since its inception. It was established in 1996. Then, it set up the first drug rehabilitation centre in eastern Nepal. In 1997, it started a harm reduction program for Injecting Drug Users IDUs. Furthermore, it conducted school and community based awareness programs on HIV and AIDS and drug abuse. A youth centre was set up in order to educate youths and adolescence about drug abuse, HIV prevention and other skills. From 2003 to 2006, Kendra also ran a program on sexual and reproductive health for marginalized and disadvantaged groups. There has always been a strong collaboration with GOs, INGOs, NGOs and the community for these programs. Activies and programs headigs are as 1. Awareness & Education, 2. Drug Treatment & Social Integration, 3. Harm Reduction, 4. Advocacy, 5. HIV Care & Support, 6. Sexual and Reproductive Health, 7. VCT , STI, PHC
Treatment and Rehabilitation Center. Dharan, Sunsari: It has been carrying out various programs in nine districts in the eastern parts of Nepal, Kathmandu and Lalitpur.
2. Limbu Cultural Council LCC
The Limbu Cultural Council, semi autonomous body working under the guidance of Kirat Yakthung Chumlung, is established in 2061 BS to work for the preservation and promotion of the intangible cultural heritage of the Limbus such as songs, music, musical instruments, drama and dance. The Limbu Cultural Council works to preserve the uniqueness of songs, music, dramas and dances of Limbus which is less influence from other dominant cultures and to develop them with the gradual changes in attitude of the Limbus.
To preserve and promote Limbus’ native songs, music and dance,
To establish Limbu songs, music and dance as a significant part of the national culture,
To develop document carrying out research and study art of the Limbus,
Disseminating Limbus songs, music and dance
Organizing workshops, seminars and conferences on Limbus songs, music and dance,
Organizing felicitation program to singer, musician, dancer and artiste of drama Organizing cultural program at village, district and national level,
Encouraging native and foreign scholars to conduct research and study on Limbu songs, music and dance,
Distributing audio/vidio of Limbu songs, music and dance,
Organizing training programs to transfer Limbus intangible cultural heritage to new generation,
Organizing Limbu Drama Festival,
3. Yakthung Welfare Fund YWF
Yakthung Welfare Fund, semi autonomous body working under Kirat Yakthung Chumlung, was established in 2062 B.S. with the initiatives of the Limbus who had worked in Japan for years. During their stay in Japan, they had formed organization and managed to collect some fund with the objectives to support activities focused on preservation and promotion of Limbu language and culture and uplift of socio-economic status of the Limbus in Nepal and for the welfare of the Limbus who have difficult situation in Japan. The fund is growing steadily. The amount of Rs 800,000.00 (Eight Hundred Thousand NRs) has been collected in the fund. Later, the organization in Japan had realized that the amount collected in fund would have contributed significantly to fulfill its objectives if it had kept and used as revolving fund. Consequently, the fund has been established and regulated by Yakthung Welfare Fund Regulation 2062.
Objectives and activties
Provide scholarship to poor and talent Limbu students,
Provide financial support to poor Limbu families for their income generation in the field of agriculture and livestock,
Provide financial support to carry out research and study on the Limbus and Limbuwan.
4. Limbu Language Literature Academy LiLLA
Limbu Language Literature Academy is semi autonomous body working under KYC guidance, is established to contribute for the establishment of cultured, prosperous and wealthy Limbu society through the preservation, promotion and development of Limbu literatures. It is important work for the development of the literature in Limbu language. Preservation and promotion of language has reciprocal relationship to the development of literature written in that particular language. In the case of Limbu literature, there are both oral and written literatures. Limbu people are devoted to the development of Limbu literature and felt necessity to organize their work.
To preserve and promote Limbu Language and Kirat Sirijonga Script
To develop Limbu literatures.
Working to make the field of Limbu literature developed, reconstructive, creative and broad for the development of Limbu literature.
Carrying out study and research in the field of Limbu literature
Organizing seminar, conference and workshops,
Organizing programs to provide felicitation letter to literary personalities and to distribute appreciation letter to encourage talents,
Publishing creative writing in Limbu language,
Making the list of Limbu literary personality for the documentation,
Making conducive and encouraging environment for native and foreign scholars who are interested in conducting research and study on Limbu language and literature.
5. Limbuwan Study Center LSC
The Limbuwan study center (website www.limbuwanstudies.org) in Limbu language called Limbuwan Saknim Murum. Like wise, in Nepali, Limbuwan Adhyayan Kendra. With an objective to make Limbuwan a prosperous and pleasant region, Kirat Yakthung Chumlung (KYC) in pursuant to its Constitution-1990 and its prevailing article 60 (a), has formulated the following Regulation to launch the Limbuwan Study Center for research, study, documentation, publications and for other related activities by focusing on Limbuwan area. (Approved by fourth central committee meeting of KYC held in Ilam – Jan. 8, 2014).
To conduct extensive research in Limbuwan area on language, arts, culture, literature, music, history (written unwritten), oral tradition and traditional skills of indigenous peoples and also to do their documentation and publication.
To carry out detailed study on forest, land and environment as well as bio-diversity conservation and its sustainable development in Limbuwan area.
To cross-examine the political, cultural and socio-economic characteristics of Limbuwan area.
To study and contribute analytical thoughts on burning concerns related to Limbuwan.
Language, arts, culture, literature and music
History, oral tradition, Yakthung Mundhum etc.
Traditional skill and Indigenous Peoples specific expertise.
Forest, land, bio-diversity conservation and ecosystem
Politics, education and socio-economic aspects
Documentation and archiving of published book and epics which are related to Limbuwan area.
Recording of oral traditions of Indigenous Peoples and their verbal history.
Establishment of well-equipped resource center for Limbuwan study.
Collaboration with national and international government and non-governmental organization for research and study in Limbuwan area.
Capacity enhancement activities workshops for interested individuals in the areas of research methodology as well as in academic paper writing.
Establishment of Research Fellowship from donation to provide researchers to accomplish their study.
Publication of printed and electronic journals of research finding or papers related to Limbuwan area.
Convene of study related symposiums, workshops, seminars etc.